European Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Original Article

Investigation of Sphenoid Sinus Pneumatization in Turkish Population with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Izmir Training Dental Hospital, Izmir, Turkey


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey

Eur J Rhinol Allergy 2021; 4: 41-47
DOI: 10.5152/ejra.2021.21826
Read: 440 Downloads: 286 Published: 31 August 2021

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the sphenoid sinus (SS) pneumatization in the Turkish population, to determine their distribution by type, and to investigate the effect of gender on SS pneumatization.

Material and Methods: SS was analyzed in coronal, axial, and sagittal sections on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 804 individuals. The pneumatization degree of SS was classified. The clival and lateral extension types were evaluated. Anterior clinoid process pneumatization (ACPP) was examined. The obtained data were statistically analyzed.

Results: The most common types of SS pneumatization were complete sellar (66.8%), subdorsal (71.6%) among the clival extension types, full lateral (51.1%) among the lateral extension types, and type I (58.8%) among the ACPP types.  The lateral extension was observed in 559 (34.8%) of 1608 sides, and clival extension was observed in 66.8% of 804 individuals. While no statistically significant difference was observed in SS pneumatization according to gender (P ¼ .682), a significant difference was found in clival extension (P ¼ .000). ACPP was observed in 312 (38.8%) of 804 patients and 459 (28.5%) of 1608 sides. A statistically significant difference was observed in the ACPP types observed on the left side according to gender (P ¼ .012).

Conclusion: In our study with a large sample group, it was observed that SS pneumatization varied considerably between individuals. For this reason, radiological examination of each individual before the surgical procedure is important in reducing iatrogenic complications.

Cite this article as: O¨ zeren Kes kek C and Aytug˘ ar E. Investigation of Sphenoid Sinus Pneumatization in Turkish Population with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography. Eur J Rhinol Allergy. 2021;4(2):41-47.

EISSN 2636-8072