European Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Original Article

Results of Allergic Prick Tests in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in Edirne

1.

Trakya University, Keşan Hakkı Yörük School of Health, Edirne, Turkey

Eur J Rhinol Allergy 2021; 4: 21-25
DOI: 10.5152/ejra.2021.20047
Read: 281 Downloads: 116 Published: 21 April 2021

Objective: This study aimed to determine the allergen distribution by sex and age in patients diagnosed with allergic rhinitis living in Edirne and to evaluate the patients presenting with allergic rhinitis symptoms considering climatic and geographic factors.

Material and Methods: Between March 2013 and March 2018, in an Otorhinolaryngology clinic in Edirne, a total of 334 (226 female, 108 male) patients with allergic rhinitis diagnosis underwent an allergic skin test (prick test). The data were evaluated on the basis of age, sex, and sensitive allergen.

Results: A total of 226 female (66.7%) and 108 male (33.3%) patients were included in the study. The mean age of the participants was 27±18.1 years. In 326 patients (97.6%), a reaction to at least 1 allergen was detected. A total of 130 patients (38.9%) with the most common allergy were seen against Dermatophagoides farinae from the house dust allergen group. The second most common allergen susceptibility was detected from the weed pollen allergen group in a total of 107 individuals (32%). The first and second most common allergens (D. farinae and Plantago lanceolata) were found to be similar in males and females.

Conclusion: A high rate of positivity was detected in patients diagnosed with allergic rhinitis. In accordance with regional characteristics, the second allergen was determined as P. lanceolata. Determining the differences in regional allergen sensitivity in patients with allergic rhinitis may contribute to preventive measures.

Cite this article as: Kef K. Results of Allergic Prick Tests in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in Edirne. Eur J Rhinol Allergy 2021; 4(1): 21-5.

Files
EISSN 2636-8072